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mysql 循环与条件判断sql查询语句写法
2011-06-12 21:51:24 来源: 作者: 【 】 浏览:4178次 评论:0

mysql教程 循环与条件判断sql查询语句写法,大家都知道只有的了mysql 5后才出现了存储过程,这些用法,那么我们要在sql 中用if else while这些,就得用存过程或函数来实例了。

mysql> DELIMITER //
mysql> CREATE FUNCTION myFunction (quantity INT(10)) RETURNS INT(10)
    -> BEGIN
    ->
    ->     WHILE quantity MOD 12 > 0 DO
    ->     SET quantity = quantity + 1;
    ->     END WHILE;
    ->
    ->     RETURN quantity;
    ->
    -> END
    -> //
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> DELIMITER ;
mysql>
mysql> select myFunction(10);
+----------------+
| myFunction(10) |
+----------------+
|             12 |
+----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> select myFunction(24);
+----------------+
| myFunction(24) |
+----------------+
|             24 |
+----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

实例二

mysql> delimiter //
mysql> create procedure test_while (IN in_count INT)
    -> BEGIN
    ->     declare count INT default 0;
    ->
    ->     while count < 10 do
    ->         set count = count + 1;
    ->     end while;
    ->
    ->     select count;
    -> END
    -> //
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> delimiter ;
mysql>
mysql> call test_while(10);
+-------+
| count |
+-------+
|    10 |
+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

带有条件判断的

mysql> delimiter $$
mysql>
mysql> CREATE PROCEDURE myProc()
    -> BEGIN
    ->
    ->     DECLARE i int;
    ->     SET i=1;
    ->     loop1: WHILE i<=10 DO
    ->          IF MOD(i,2)<>0 THEN /*Even number - try again*/
    ->             SELECT CONCAT(i," is an odd number");
    ->          END IF;
    ->          SET i=i+1;
    ->     END WHILE loop1;
    -> END$$
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> delimiter ;
mysql> call myProc();
+-------------------------------+
| CONCAT(i," is an odd number") |
+-------------------------------+
| 1 is an odd number            |
+-------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.02 sec)

+-------------------------------+
| CONCAT(i," is an odd number") |
+-------------------------------+
| 3 is an odd number            |
+-------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.02 sec)

+-------------------------------+
| CONCAT(i," is an odd number") |
+-------------------------------+
| 5 is an odd number            |
+-------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.02 sec)

+-------------------------------+
| CONCAT(i," is an odd number") |
+-------------------------------+
| 7 is an odd number            |
+-------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.02 sec)

+-------------------------------+
| CONCAT(i," is an odd number") |
+-------------------------------+
| 9 is an odd number            |
+-------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.02 sec)

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.38 sec)

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